Cataracts are a common part of the natural aging process. Many adults suffer from cataracts as they get older. In fact, more than 50 percent of individuals age 60 and older have developed at least one cataract. If cataracts are left untreated, they could "mature" and lead to a severe loss of vision or even blindness. At The Eye Clinic of North Dakota, our ophthalmologists offer cataract surgery using state-of-the-art intraocular lens (IOL) implants, such as Tecnis Symfony Lens to help restore clear vision for patients with cataracts.
Cataracts are protein buildups in the natural crystalline lens of the eye. These proteins clump together, causing clouding on the lens that make it more difficult for light to pass through. This results in blurry or cloudy vision. Other symptoms include distorted color vision, double vision, problems with depth perception, difficulty seeing in the dark, and the development of white spots on the eyes.
It is not yet known why cataracts develop in the eyes. However, some factors are believed to play an important role in the formation of cataracts. Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes and glaucoma, have been associated with the development of cataracts. Some medications are known to promote cataracts, including steroids, tamoxifen, aspirin, amiodarone, and allopurinol. In addition, any form of eye trauma, including burns, punctures, and cuts can lead to the formation of cataracts. Some scientists believe that ultraviolet radiation may lead to the development of cataracts because it can alter the pigment of the eyes. Recent studies also point out that smoking and drinking may play a role in the formation of cataracts, as alcohol and nicotine can block essential nutrients from being absorbed.
There are three types of cataracts, and it is possible to have multiple kinds of cataracts at the same time. Nuclear cataracts are the most common type, and they form on the nucleus of the lens. Cortical cataracts form on the lens cortex, or the outer rim, and gradually move to the lens center. Subcapsular cataracts are the fastest progressing of the three, and typically form at the back of the lens. The ophthalmologists at our practice can determine which kind of cataracts you have and help you choose the best treatment option for your needs during a consultation. Please contact The Eye Clinic of North Dakota today to schedule an appointment.
Our ophthalmologists offer cataract surgery using the latest intraocular lens (IOL) technologies available today to help restore clear vision for our patients. They have extensive training in both extracapsular and intracapsular cataract surgery methods.
During the cataract surgery procedure, anesthetic eye drops are placed in the eyes and an incision is made near the edge of the cornea. During extracapsular cataract surgery, the clouded lens is broken up and removed through a process called phacoemulsification, and a folded IOL is inserted to replace it. The capsule surrounding the lens is preserved to support the IOL. In intracapsular cataract surgery, however, the entire clouded lens and the capsule surrounding it are removed and replaced with a folded IOL.
Once the IOL is inserted, it unfolds on its own into its new, permanent position. The incision then heals on its own without the need for stitches. The entire process takes approximately one hour.
We offer the most modern monofocal, multifocal, and accommodation IOL technologies available to help restore our patients' vision, including Tecnis® Symfony, Tecnis® Symfony Toric and Crystalens® IOLs. Monofocal IOLs can help patients see clearer through one focal distance, whether it is up close or far away. These are typically used in treatment for individuals suffering from presbyopia or aging of the eyes.
Unlike monofocal IOLs, multifocal and accommodative lens implants automatically adjust to the patient's vision needs, allowing him or her to maintain clear vision at a variety of near, intermediate, and far focal points. Patients experience improved vision at all distances, which reduces the need for them to wear corrective eyewear after surgery.
Each type of IOL has its own advantages, and our ophthalmologists can help determine which one is best for your particular vision correction needs during your initial consultation at our practice.
If you suffer from cataracts and are interested in undergoing surgery for improved vision, contact the experienced ophthalmologists at The Eye Clinic of North Dakota today. We use the most advanced IOL technologies to help restore your vision, and offer a variety of financing options to choose from to help make your treatment more affordable.